Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)


1. International committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) has decided the correct name of this disease as COVID -19 i.e. Co-Corona, Vi-Virus, D- Disease or Corona virus disease, first reported as outbreak in December 2019 in Wuhan (China), so named as "COVID-19". ICTV also announced the correct name of the virus as “Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)”.

2. Term “Corona” means crown. The spike proteins present on the surface of the virus have crown like appearance. These spike proteins are used for getting entry into the host cells via a receptor present on their surface. This receptor is known as Angiotensin converting enzyme-II (ACE-2).

3. It is ssRNA virus, member of the group Orthomyxovirus. Its genome is almost 79% similar to that of SARS Virus.

4. It is an enveloped virus, and this envelope is made of proteins.

5. Transmission by coughing, sneezing, saliva, respiratory droplets and contacts. These aerosolspenetrate the human body (lungs) via inhalation through the nose or mouth.

6. It’s confirmed testing is performed by real-time or quantitative RT-PCR method or qRT-PCR method.

7. Its death rate is less than, 1 -20%, which is not so much fearful.

8. Its treatment is not discovered yet.

9. Its maximum rate of infection or transmission is due to close contact with infected human.

10. Covid-19 is a pandemic disease which is prevalent over the world or in multiple continents.

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